Goodluck Jonathan

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Goodluck Jonathan
President of Nigeria
Assumed office
6 May 2010
President: 21 November 2012 –
Vice President Namadi Sambo
Preceded by Umaru Yar’Adua
Vice President of Nigeria
In office
29 May 2007 – 6 May 2010
President Umaru Yar’Adua
Preceded by Atiku Abubakar
Succeeded by Namadi Sambo
Governor of Bayelsa
In office
9 December 2005 – 28 May 2007
Preceded by Diepreye Alamieyeseigha
Succeeded by Timipre Sylva
Personal details
Born (1957-11-20) 20 November 1957 (age 55)
Political party People’s Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Patience Jonathan
Alma mater University of Port Harcourt
Profession Zoologist
Religion Anglicanism

Goodluck Ebele Azikiwe Jonathan, GCFR, BNER, GCON (born 20 November 1957[1]) is the 14th Head of State and current President of Nigeria. Prior to his role as President, he served as Governor of Bayelsa State and Vice President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Jonathan is a member of the ruling People’s Democratic Party (PDP).


[edit] Early and personal life

Jonathan was born in what is now Bayelsa State to a family of canoe makers.[1][2] Jonathan holds a B.S. degree in Zoology in which he attained Second Class Honours. He holds an M.Sc. degree in Hydrobiology and Fisheries biology, and a Ph.D. degree in Zoology from the University of Port Harcourt. He worked as an education inspector, lecturer, and environmental-protection officer. He entered politics in 1998.[3]

Jonathan and his wife Patience have two children. He is a Christian. He comes from the Ijaw.[4]

[edit] Presidency

Jonathan (fifth from right) standing with other world leaders at a meeting of the Economic Community of West African States in July 2010.

President Jonathan posing with other world leaders at a Leaders Nuclear Summit

President Umaru Yar’Adua died on 5 May 2010. Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as Yar’Adua’s successor on the following day,[6]

On 18 May 2010, the National Assembly approved Jonathan’s nomination of former Kaduna State governor, Namadi Sambo, for the position of Vice President.[7][8]

On 29 June 2010, Jonathan launched a Facebook page in accordance with his promise to interact more with Nigerians.[9]

On 2 August 2010 Jonathan launched ‘Roadmap for Power Sector Reform‘,[10] achieving stable electricity in Nigeria.

[edit] 2011 election

On 15 September 2010, Jonathan announced on Facebook that he had decided to run for reelection. This made him the first Nigerian president to declare his re-election bid via social media.[11]

He won with 59% of the votes.[12]

[edit] Controversies

[edit] Removal of fuel subsidy

On 13 December 2011, the 2012 fiscal year’s budget removed any provisions for fuel subsidy.[16]

On 1 January 2012, the Jonathan administration announced the start of a controversial plan to end fuel subsidies.[18]

A former military Head of State and a former Minister for Petroleum & Natural Resources, General Buhari, urged President Jonathan not to remove fuel subsidy and to tackle corruption.[19]

General Yakubu Gowon, another former military Head of State, has warned the government that the country’s infrastructure should be revived before fuel subsidy removal steps are taken.[20]

Former military president, Gen. Ibrahim Babangida, joined millions of Nigerians protesting against the removal of fuel subsidy by the Jonathan administration, saying that the action is ill-timed.[21]

Following the The Nigeria Labour Congress’ warning that the country faces many strikes, the country unions followed up with strikes that were matched with civil protests from 9–13 January 2012. Protesters and groups called for President Jonathan to resign over the removal of fuel subsidies.[24]

[edit] 1st October 2010 Independence Day Bomb Blast

During his South African magistrate court trial on 2 May 2012, MEND’s (Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta) former leader Henry Okah came out and insisted that President Jonathan masterminded bomb attacks. He told the court that President Jonathan and his aides organised the October 1, 2010 independence day bomb attacks in Abuja in a desperate political strategy to demonize political opponents, including the former military President General Ibrahim Babangida, and to win popular sympathy ahead of the 2011 elections.[25]

The Nigerian Presidency has denied the allegations of terrorism levelled against President Jonathan. A media statement was issued on 2 May 2012, acknowledging the accusations from Okah. The statement went on to say that: “The Presidency categorically affirms that these allegations are false in their entirety and without any factual foundation.” The Presidency also expressed no interest in commenting further for the time being, but plans to “make a full representation on the matter to the court when the trial opens.”[27]

[edit] Renaming of the University of Lagos

In May 2012, President Jonathan changed the name of the Bola Tinubu congratulated Jonathan for taking action, but urged him to “do it right”, adding that “we must be careful not to localise or sectionalise MKO”. The President has attempted to regularize the renaming of the school by submitting a bill for an amendment of the University’s establishing law to the legislature.

[edit] Security challenges

On 26 August 2011, after the UN building in Abuja was bombed by Boko Haram, Jonathan announced that it was not merely an attack on Nigeria, but on the international community. He told reporters that “we would work together with the UN and other world leaders to ensure that terrorism is brought under control.”[32] On Christmas Day, after a church was bombed and more violence occurred in the north, Jonathan came in for more criticism over the security challenge in the country. Further attacks occurred on Christmas and in early January 2012, claimed by Boko Haram.

In response to the [34]

[edit] References

  1. ^ “Jonathan: A Colossus at 49”, The Source (Lagos), 11 December 2006
  2. ^ Profile: Goodluck Jonathan
  3. ^ “Profile: Goodluck Jonathan”. BBC News. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  4. ^ “Profile: Goodluck Jonathan, Nigeria’s unlikely leader”. BBC. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  5. ^ President,Commander-In-Chief.aspx News Agency of Nigeria story on newly sworn President Jonathan
  6. ^ “Nigeria swears in new president”. Al-Jazeera. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  7. ^ Punch Newspaper “NASS confirms Sambo as vice president”
  8. ^ “National Assembly confirms Sambo as Vice President”, Liberty News
  9. ^ Facebook fan-page
  10. ^ Roadmap for Power Sector Reform
  11. ^ Webster, George (1 October 2010). “Goodluck Jonathan: The Facebook president”. CNN. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  12. ^ Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  13. ^
  14. ^ CNN report on the 2011 general election in Nigeria
  15. ^ “Nigeria’s President Removes Petrol Subsidy”.
  16. ^ “80% Of Nigerians Oppose Subsidy Removal – Pollsters”.
  17. ^ “Nigeria fuel subsidy end raises protest fears”. BBC News. 1 January 2012.
  18. ^ “Subsidy removal will choke economy, says David-West”.,-says-david-west.html.
  19. ^ “Buhari to Jonathan – Leave Subsidy, Tackle Graft”.
  20. ^ “Gowon to Jonathan: don’t remove subsidy now”.’t-remove-subsidy-now.html.
  21. ^ “IBB: Deregulation Ill-timed”.
  22. ^ “Protests In Lagos, Ibadan Over Removal Of Subsidy”.
  23. ^ “Subsidy Removal – CNPP Calls for Jonathan’s Resignation”.
  24. ^ “Nigeria Cuts Fuel Prices After Strike, Protests”.
  25. ^ “”Jonathan Begged Me To Blame North For October 1 Blasts”, Henry Okah Claims”.
  26. ^ “Okah Lied over Oct 2010 Bombing”.
  27. ^ “Jonathan denies allegations that he masterminded Independence Day bombings”.
  28. ^ Soyinka, Wole. “Goodluck Jonathan’s Gift Horse By Wole Soyinka”. Daily Post. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  29. ^ Babalola, Afe. “Renaming UNILAG is illegal and unconstitutional (2)”. Punch. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  30. ^ Various (1 June 2012). “Tinubu, Fayemi, others reject UNILAG renaming”. Punch. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  31. ^ Sahara Reporters (30 May 2012). “UNILAG Alumni Association rejects institution’s name change by Jonathan”. Information Nigeria. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
  32. ^ “Nigerian leader vows to fight terrorism after UN attack”. BBC News. 28 August 2011.
  33. ^ “Nigerian Militant Group MEND Says It Attacked Eni Pipeline”.
  34. ^ “Nigeria’s security situation ‘intolerable’: senate president”.


Political offices
Preceded by
Diepreye Alamieyeseigha
Governor of Bayelsa State
Succeeded by
Timipre Sylva
Preceded by
Umaru Yar’Adua
President of Nigeria
Party political offices
Preceded by
Umaru Yar’Adua
People’s Democratic Party presidential nominee
Succeeded by
Most recent
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Umaru Yar’Adua
Chairperson of the Economic Community of West African States
Succeeded by
Alassane Ouattara

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Goodluck Jonathan, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.